Composting in an apartment is not as simple as composting in a house. Apartment dwellers usually don’t have yards to grow food in, or any space suitable for more than little container gardening. Even if you do all the apartment gardening you probably can’t use all the compost your kitchen is likely to generate.
Another challenge is dealing with stink. When composting bins are working properly, they don’t smell. But sometimes things go wrong, and when that happens in a corner of your kitchen instead of a corner of your yard or garage, it’s pretty gross.
There are several ways to overcome these problems. Not all of them will work for everybody (I never have found anyone willing to take my compost, and I certainly can’t use it all, so that’s it for me), so don’t feel bad if you just can’t make it work.
The actual composting itself is pretty simple. In composting, you have what’s called “green” and “brown” waste. Green includes kitchen scraps, coffee grounds, tea grounds, hair (it’s a good idea to chop up long hairs and spread them around) and green (living) yard waste such as grass clippings or leaves (but nothing with seeds, because you know what happens when seeds are put into rich soil, and that’s where this whole compost project is headed). Brown waste includes dead yard waste, paper and dryer lint.
Now you just need to fill your compost bin with roughly equal amounts green waste and brown. Err on the side of adding more brown if you’re not sure. If your compost smells like rotten eggs, you need more brown. After a few weeks – probably not many, since the amount of material you’re generating is likely small – it should have an earthy smell.
The Compost Bin
You can buy a compost bin, or you can make one yourself. You just need an airtight container of some sort. Or you can create your own worm composting bin. It’s not the simplest thing to put together – you’ll need some tools and some patience – but it should cost under $50. Worm composting done properly has no stink whatsoever. Her design intentionally takes into account some of the problems you can run into and gives you a good start. There are troubleshooting guides to help you fix any problems that arise – worm composting is an extremely popular method.
Keep your composting bin outside, if at all possible. If not, many apartment dwellers have successfully composted indoors. It can be done! If you’re concerned about smell, you can buy specially made kitchen composting bins with charcoal liners to keep the smell down.
Apartment Composting Solutions
As I said above, the composting is fairly straightforward, assuming you can get your hands on brown waste (and if you recycle your paper and add some cups of dirt to the mix, you should be fine), but the problems are finding somewhere to use all your compost, and the possibility of your compost stinking and annoying neighbors. Let’s deal with the second one first.
Composting doesn’t stink. As long as you keep your composting in an airtight container, it’s not going to smell except – possibly – when you open it to check on it. And then it’s only going to smell if your ratios are off. If you open up a compost container and find it’s stinky, close it back up quickly. Then collect some more brown material to add to your heap, open the bag, quickly add the new material, and close it back up again. At most, your neighbors will get a brief whiff. They probably won’t have any idea where it’s coming from.
Where to use/put your compost. The bigger problem is actually using the compost you’ve generated. In an apartment situation, you’re very lucky if you can grow enough plants to actually use all the soil your composting will likely generate. What do you do with the excess soil? This is actually the part that got me all hung up for several years.
- Give your leftover compost to friends and neighbors who can use it.
- See if any local gardeners or landscaping contractors want it. (Surprisingly, many won’t take it for fear of violating some rule or regulation or another.)
- A local farm might take it.
- Call your city. There could be programs for taking composted soil, or they might simply have a use for it.
- If all else fails, some people suggest just dumping it in a park or similar environment. I really doubt that would go over well in many congested urban environments. Typically, what little greenspace they have is manicured and cultivated to within an inch of its life, and your pile of dirt would not be welcome on it. But look around – you may find a place.
- If absolutely everything else has failed, why not tie your compost in a re-used biodegradable plastic bag (that was going to the landfill anyway) and send it off to the landfill? Seriously, if anyone knows why this is a bad idea, please let me know, but it seems to me having some soil in a landfill couldn’t be a bad thing.
The suggestions I gave for composting up above were pretty general. For more information on exactly which waste items are good for composting, Webecoist has some advice. Don’t worry – it’s not nearly as complicated as memorizing the list of things you’re not supposed to put down a garbage disposal.
PlanetGreen tells you how to make two composting boxes, one for finished compost and the other for compost in process.