Store-bought plant food isn’t cheap, and the stuff tends to contain chemicals that aren’t great for the environment, and that you may not want to consume if you grow anything edible. Sometimes they harm plants, too. You can actually make your own homemade plant food, often out of inexpensive items you already have at home, or leftover food items that cost you nothing.
Of course, composting makes a great rich soil for plants, and since it uses your trash and leftovers, it’s totally free and sometimes all you need. But in some cases your plants may need a little something more specific.
You’ll need something to deliver the plant food, if you don’t already have it. I recommend a garden sprayer like this one if you prefer to mix everything up in advance. But you can also use a hose end sprayer to make things simpler. You just put all your ingredients other than water in the sprayer, hook it up to your hose, and let the water flow through it to deliver the fertilizer. They don’t carry either of those at most Home Depots, but you can get them shipped to a store for free.
Making homemade plant food
Complete Plant Food
This one is good for any plant, and very simple to make. Use it once every 4 to 6 weeks, or even less if your plants are happy.
Mix all that together in a gallon of room temperature water. Store in an airtight container.
This is definitely the simplest recipe for homemade plant food: mix 1 tablespoon of Epsom Salts in a gallon of water. Put that in your sprayer and use once a month. Some people report the above recipe is better; others find this one does all they need.
Horse manure makes a tremendous fertilizer, but you should avoid using it in a food garden unless you know the horse who produced it was never given any kind of medication or antibiotics. You can just add it directly to soil. But you can also brew it into a “manure tea” for use as a homemade plant food, and that’s a less stinky and messy way to go about it if you have indoor plants to feed. Don’t have a horse? Call up some local riding stables or places where they offer trail rides and ask if they’d like to part with some horse pucky. Many of them will let you have all you’re willing to haul, or will sell it to you very cheap.
Yes, you can use other types of manure – cow is great, and rabbit manure stinks a bit less than the others. You can get cow manure from many places that keep cows – local farms, for example. Rabbit manure is a bit trickier, unless you have pet rabbits. Call vets and pet stores in the area to see if they’d be willing to put aside rabbit manure for you to pick up periodically.
Again, remember not to use manure from animals that have need medicated.
To brew manure tea:
- Wrap a few tablespoons of manure in a porous cloth and tie it up.
- Put the bundle in a pint glass of water.
- Let it “steep” for a few days.
- Feed your plants with it.
You can make bigger batches of this, if you want. Put about five quarts of manure in a porous cloth in about 5 gallons of water and let it steep for a few days.
You can use weak green tea as an occasional plant food, or very weak green tea as an alternative to plain water every time you water plants. For the plant food version:
- Brew a green tea bag in a quart of water.
- Let it brew and then sit until it’s room temperature. No need to remove the tea bags.
- Water plants with this every 4 weeks.
For the alternative watering version, brew a single green tea bag in two gallons of water. Follow the rest of the instructions, and use this very weak tea mix every time you water your plants. It will make a big difference.
Gelatin Plant Food
Gelatin is a good source of nitrogen for plants. Be aware that not all plants like this amount of nitrogen, however. Test this recipe on one plant you don’t mind losing before spraying your entire collection with it. Some plants really thrive on it.
- Dissolve a packet of unflavored gelatin in a cup of hot water.
- Once it’s dissolved, add about three cups of cold water.
- Use once a month.
If you keep an aquarium, you have to remove and replace the water on a regular basis to prevent extreme grossness and lots of dead fish. Water your plants with the aquarium water you’ve removed. They can make good use of the fish waste.
Black Coffee and Coffee Grounds
Coffee is fairly acidic. Since growing healthy plants has a lot to do with ph balance, this can be very good or very bad, depending on the plant’s ph needs and the ph balance in your soil and tap water. It also depends on the specific blend of coffee you use! Lots of people have had great results just dumping the occasional little bit of leftover coffee into potted plants, but I recommend a more conservative approach:
- Collect leftover black coffee (no cream, no sugar, no additives of any kind!).
- Dilute it significantly – say, three ounces into a gallon watering can.
- Use that once every six weeks.
If your plants seem to like it, you might want to get a little more aggressive. Note: decaf may be better, as some gardeners believe that caffeine interferes with protein metabolism.
Coffee grounds as compost are great for plants, and some gardeners stick used coffee grounds straight into the soil of some plants. With soil, there’s a bigger margin for error, so plants which don’t like getting watered with diluted coffee might react just fine to this.